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The American cockroach (Periplaneta americana), or waterbug, is the largest species of common cockroach with the average insect measuring 40 mm long. While large in-home infestations are rare, the American cockroach may move inside in search of warmer temperatures and food.
The agility, maneuverability, and nocturnal nature of this brown species makes eradication tricky. Proper storage of food, frequent cleaning, and the repair of any water leak prevent against an invasion. It is also helpful to seal off any entry points, such as holes around baseboards, in between kitchen cabinets, pipes, doors, and windows. Sealants like steel wool or copper mesh, cement putty, and silicone caulk are the best ways to prevent these creatures from entering your home.
The German cockroach (Blattella germanica) is the most common household insect found in the United States. A nocturnal, dark brown or black species of cockroach that ranges from 13-16mm in length, the German cockroach typically resides in dark and secluded areas of bathrooms and kitchens such as under cupboards, behind cabinets, in wall voids, or around motor housing appliances.
Similar to American cockroaches, general preventive measures including proper storage of food, frequent cleaning, and the repair of any water leaks are effective ways to eliminate the presence of German Cockroaches. Severe and reoccurring infestations may require further consultation to ensure all sewer connections, doors, plumbing, air ducts, and other foundational openings are properly sealed.
The oriental cockroach (Blatta orientalis), also referred to as the waterbug, is considered by many to be the filthiest of all cockroaches. This glossy brown-black 18–29 mm pest is commonly associated with sewers and poor sanitary conditions. The oriental cockroach will also produce a very pungent roach odor when there is an infestation.
Like most cockroach species, Oriental Cockroaches can passively transport potentially dangerous microbes on their body surfaces. Preventative measures are strongly encouraged, especially in areas such as hospitals, and proper removal of an infestation is best left to a knowledgeable professional.
Brown- Banded Cockroach
This roach species is found primarily indoors, where it may be as common in dry areas of the structure as it is in the kitchen or bathrooms. It has a low moisture requirement, allowing it to survive in many locations, and the females deposit their egg capsules within about one day of its development, sticking them to hidden surfaces in closets, behind drawers, within corrugated cardboard, or behind objects on the walls. Each capsule contains an average of 15 eggs, and development from egg to mature adult takes about 6 months. Males have wings that completely cover the abdomen, while the females wings are shorter, exposing the last few segments of the abdomen. Both sexes can fly. Because of the manner of hiding the egg capsules on materials, this species is easily relocated to new habitats.